Did you know that over 29.1 million people have Diabetes? And even more frightening are the 86 million people with pre-Diabetes that don’t know it! Diabetes is now regarded as the strongest link for heart disease, because high blood glucose levels are found to cause inflammation and cell damage to the arterial lining of blood vessels.
One of the contributing factors for both heart disease and diabetes is High Blood Pressure. Let’s take a deeper look into what High Blood Pressure is and why it contributes to heart disease and diabetes.
High Blood Pressure, also known as Hypertension, is when a high force of blood is pounding against your artery walls. Blood pressure is determined by the amount of blood your heart pumps and the resistance to blood flow in the arteries. The more blood your heart pumps and the narrower your arteries, the higher your blood pressure. Therefore, your heart has to work much harder to pump blood from the heart to the rest of the body (congestive heart failure). Limiting the flow and viscosity (fluidity) of blood leads to serious damage to the heart, brain, and kidneys. High Blood Pressure can cause a break in a weakened blood vessel, which can bleed into the brain and lead to a stroke. It can cause blood vessels in the eye to burst or bleed, blurring vision and lead to blindness. High Blood Pressue hardens your arteries (atherosclerosis) by narrowing and thickening blood vessels. This can cause heart attacks when the arteries that carry oxygen to the heart are blocked (coronary heart disease). Further, the narrowing and thickening of blood vessels can also cause the kidneys to the filter less fluid, have difficulty in passing urine, and therefore allow waste to build up in the blood, (kidney damage). All these are serious health problems that occur within diabetes, too.